2015 Guidelines bookThe new 2015 CPR and ECC Guidelines were released in October of 2015. This post is the beginning of a series of the 2015 changes to CPR and First Aid.

Studies about CPR and First Aid are always ongoing. Every 5 years the information from this research is used to publish new Guidelines to help save and improve lives. In 2010 major changes were made in how we perform and teach CPR. On October 15, 2015, the new Guidelines were released. The changes are not dramatic, but rather are subtle tweaks. This post is the beginning of a series to look more in depth and each change.

A quick summary of the updates:

  • Good deep chest compressions are still important, as is letting the chest return to its natural position after each compression.
  • Push at a rate of 100-120 beats per minute. Previously we pushed at a rate of at least 100. This upper number is not to speed us up, it is to slow us down. Many were pushing too fast.
  • Early bystander CPR and good CPR instruction by 911 dispatchers is critically important.
  • Many of us have cell phones with us. Call right away when an adult collapses. If you are alone with an unresponsive child or infant, use your cell phone to call 911 as you begin chest compressions. But do not delay compressions to make the call. This is a change from performing 5 cycles of CPR on a child or infant before calling 911.
  • There are more updates and each will be covered in more detail.

    This post is part of a series of the 2015 Guidelines for CPR and ECC published by the American Heart Association. You can view the web-based integrated guidelines on the AHA’s CPR website at www.cpr.heart.org.

    Guidelines 2015

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